International Day of Nowruz 2022 celebrations are on Monday, 21st March 2022.
United Nations declared the 21st March of every year as International Nowruz Day in 2010.
The basic theme of Nowruz Day is to promote values of peace, friendships, solidarity, brotherhood and harmony among people and communities.
What is Nowruz Day?
The word Nowruz (Navruz, Novruz, Nevruz, Nooruz, Nauryz) or Now-Roz means new-day (or the first day of spring/ or the revival of Nature and everything else that was stuck due to deadly winter) that refers to the start of spring season in many countries like Iran, Afghanistan, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Tajikistan, Republic of Macedonia, Azerbaijan, Albania, India, and Pakistan. It is also called Persian Spring Festival, but the most accepted name of this celebration is Nowruz indeed. You can write this word in many ways like Nowruz, Novruz, Navruz, Nooruz, Nevruz, or Nauryz because the word is spoken in many countries of the world where the spellings of the words keep changing because of the influence of different languages like Persian, Turkish, Pashto, Urdu, and many other languages that are spoken in Central Asian countries. All the above-mentioned countries share ancestry, culture, languages, religion, and norms; therefore, the celebration of Nowruz is common to all. Nowruz Day is celebrated with a purpose to recall the heritage, cultural norms, cultural appearances, and cultural literature. People believe that they can protect their culture from decaying in this way. Nowruz Day has been being celebrated for around 3000 years in regions like the Caucasus, the Black Sea Basin, Central Asia, the Balkans, and the Middle East. All these regions are now famous for the Muslim Population. Since Muslims are the second-largest religious community on the face of Earth after Christians, welcoming their cultural day to the United Nations International Days list is an appreciable initiative by the global community.
Nowruz Day Celebrations
Around 300 million people celebrate Nowruz Day throughout the world on March 21 every year. Public gatherings are arranged in the countries where Nowruz is peoples’ cultural day. This is not a religious day anywhere in the world rather a cultural day and people celebrate this day to recollect the memories of their culture. They use different ways to celebrate this special day like traditional cultural music is played, cultural colourful dresses are worn, cultural paintings are presented. People dance in cultural dresses and they show their allegiance to their culture.
Some other traditions also reappear among people. For instance, they arrange the “Haft Sin” table. Some symbolic items that start with Farsi letter ‘S’ like “Serkeh” (vinegar) and “Sir” (garlic) are included in the table menu which has certain connotations like “Sir” represents protection from evils, and “Serkeh” identifies patience and longevity. Some other foods, wheatgrass, dried food, and herbs are also kept on the table to show their desire of being rich with them throughout the year.
Another interesting activity on this day is where people JUMP OVER FIRE to show courage liveliness and passion. The fire was once like a goddess in Persia (Iran), but now it appears only as a part of the cultural celebrations of the Persians. Bonfires are lit in the evening of the last Wednesday before Nowruz. This practice is also called Chahar Shanbe Suri or Red Wednesday. This is a symbol of cultivation, light, good health, and purity in Iran.
Nevertheless, Nowruz Day which the cultural day of a few nations a decade ago, has become an International Day on the United Nations platform. This day is a great symbol of peace, harmony, love, mutual respect, and compassion for others. By celebrating this day on international platforms, the world community gives the message that the emergence of globally diverse culture is the essence of this century and it is also unpreventable because the UN is committed to creating a globally diverse and harmonious culture where all the cultures are given respect.
UN International Nowruz Day History
The United Nations Resolution A/RES/64/253 declares that 21 March will be celebrated as an International Nowruz Day from 2010 to onwards. The resolution was adopted by the General Assembly on 23 February 2010 and it was presented to the General Assembly by the representative of Azerbaijan. The representative claimed in the General Assembly that adding Nowruz into the list of International Days was, in fact, the start of intercultural dialogue that is intentioned to spread harmony. According to the mentioned UN resolution, the global community that works for global development is determined to spread international harmony and welcome the diverse face of international culture. The UN leadership claims that welcoming all the cultures on the international platform is indeed a strategy to start an inter-cultural dialogue (negotiation, acceptance, and cooperation).
When someone sees a different culture in a beautified form, it naturally attracts a majority of people, but if we alienate or demonize a culture among the people of another community, it can cause them to hate that culture. This is the reason that the United Nations has started accepting all famous cultures like the United Nations events so it would minimize the feelings of alienation or otherness among different communities. When people start respecting other cultures, acceptance follows and acceptance of different cultures among different communities on an international level can create a global environment ornamented with harmony and peace.
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