World Down Syndrome Day 2021 (WDSD) celebration date is Sunday, 21st March 2021. This day is celebrated every year on the 21st of March since 2011 with a specific theme. This year it would be the 10th time to raise awareness about Down Syndrome and stand with the people having this genetic and bodily disorder.
Theme of World Down Syndrome Day 2021
The United Nations (UN) yearly sets the theme for commemoration of World Down Syndrome Day, Theme of WDSD 2021 is
“We CONNECT so that we can” #CONNECT
which demonstrates that nothing except human beings themselves are important for Connecting to each other. People having the disease of Down Syndrome must not be left alone in this era of Covid 19.
In the Previous year 2020, we had a theme,
This theme illustrates that we should decide what is important and who should be signified in decision making and other matters of life while people having Down Syndrome must not be discriminated and should not be decided as “ugly” taking upon their physical looks.
Colors of World Down Syndrome Day
Blue and Yellow colors represent Down Syndrome Day Awareness.
Wrist bands, Ribbons or Lapel Pins of Blue or Yellow colours can be used to show your support or fund-raising at World Down Syndrome Day.
What is Down Syndrome?
Down syndrome basically, is a genetic and ultimately a physical disorder that is caused by an extra 21st chromosome in the human body of 46 chromosomes (23 pairs). The people having Down Syndrome can be seen with retarded growth i.e decreased muscles, short neck having excess skin, flattened face and nose and small ears, eyes, mouth, etc. 21st chromosome, having 200-300 genes on it is responsible for maintaining body protein while any ailment in it causes muscle disorder including Down Syndrome. During the process of cell division and production of sperm and egg, an instructive impairment occurs in the 21st chromosome that causes the probability of Down Syndrome. Statistical analysis, however, shows that the chances of Down Syndrome are more in babies whose parents are either below the age of 20 or above the age of 35.
Purpose of International Day of Down Syndrome
The basic purpose of World Down Syndrome Day is to show awareness among people about this disorder and to stand with those people with unbelievable attributes having Down Syndrome. This day illustrates that proper nutrition and the depression-free lifestyle of a pregnant mother is necessary. Another purpose that determines the observance of this day is to let people set a suitable age for marriages (between 25-34) so that the probability of this disorder must be decreased through these precautionary steps.
History and Background of World Down Syndrome Day
Down syndrome is a kind of disorder, that is found in all regions across the globe and without any prior reason. It is estimated that every year 3000 to 5000 children are born with such type of chromosomal disorder which threatens the world community regarding the mental and physical health of people at a larger scale and world-wide range. In 2005, the UN’s general assembly decided that in fulfilling the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal no one should be left behind and the persons with disabilities must also come forward to help the UN in its targets of Agenda 2030. WHO, which is the United Nations’ leading organization/department in terms of mental and physical health has been active and has further diversified its activities for better and unique health facilities for the tenants of planet earth. UN has also developed further departments at a broader level, for example, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and its Optional Protocol (A/RES/61/106) was adopted on 13 December 2006 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. The convention was then opened for signatures on 30 March 2007. There were 82 signatories to the Convention, 44 signatories to the Optional Protocol, and 1 ratification of the Convention. This is the highest number of signatories in history to a UN Convention on its opening day. It is the first comprehensive human rights treaty of the 21st century and is the first human rights convention to be open for signature by regional integration organizations. The Convention entered into force on 3 May 2008. Such kind of motivation encourages people with disabilities like Down Syndrome and brings them to the main-stream of development and progress.
UN’s Sustainable Goal that Covers the Domain of World Down Syndrome Day
As United Nations has 17 sustainable development goals for the betterment and welfare of our globe, World Down Syndrome Day comes in the category of UN’s 10th Goal “Reduced inequality” which is a motive that suggests avoiding discrimination in terms of inequality based upon disability, gender origin, race, etc. Disability is, however, one motive in this Goal of the UN for a sustainable world.
Activities on World Down Syndrome Day
- Wearing demonstrative garments like funky Shirts and mismatched Socks of different colors on World Down Syndrome Day, express solidarity with people having Down Syndrome.
- Other expressive items can also be shown on 21st March like Down Syndrome Freebies, banners, charts with mixed colors that should fascinate eyes.
- Coming forward to proudly declare if anyone around you has Down Syndrome and call him/her your friend anticipating others to also declare that they have a friend who has Down Syndrome.
- Highlighting the unique qualities of Down Syndrome persons and encouraging them publically.
- Down Syndrome is a disorder that cannot be cured but encouragement can improve the physical and mental skills of these people while reinforcement through motivation is the best way. This day must be utilized as a tool for improving the skills of such people.
Key Facts about Down Syndrome
- Down syndrome is caused by a genetic condition where an extra copy of the 21st chromosome in a new-born baby is found.
- The exact cause of this disorder is still unknown.
- About 40,000 people only in the United States are living with Down Syndrome whereas, one in every 691 babies is born with this disorder. The total number of people in the world with Down Syndrome is approximately 5.4 million while 27000 deaths have been recorded so far.
- The total life expectancy of people with Down Syndrome was 25 years in 1981 but today it has raised to about 60 years.
- Children and adults with Down Syndrome may have some common features but naturally, the individuals resemble their close family members.
- It is now a liability of schools to provide proper education to children with Down Syndrome.
- Chances of giving birth to a child having Down Syndrome increase with the increase in maternal age however 80% of the babies are born to women having age under 35 years because this age group has a greater tendency to give births.
- An interesting thing about Down Syndrome Persons that they frequently become able to hold jobs, live independently and enjoy other activities but the average varies from individual to individual based upon their mental and physical behavior.