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International Mountain Day 2021

International Mountain Day 2021

International Mountain Day 2021 is on Saturday, 11 December 2021. The United Nations’ General Assembly nominated 11 December as “International Mountain Day” in 2002 and this day(IMD) was firstly observed in 2003.

International Mountain Day (IMD) is the UN’s observance and the holiday is only in Japan.

Theme of International Mountain Day 2021

The United Nations(UN) proclaimed “Sustainable mountain tourism” as the theme for International Mountain Day 2021.

Mountains are the most attractive part of tourism. The Covid-19 pandemic badly affected the sector of tourism, which created a crisis of economic and livelihoods for mountain communities. The United Nations is ambitious of mountain tourism by creating this theme.

Celebrations of International Mountain Day will encompass the rich biodiversity of mountains, as well as address the threats they face.
Mountains have a major volume in the landscapes of the world.
Biodiversity encloses a variety of ecosystems, for instance, mountain people in Pakistan are rich in livestock, animals, genetic resources and mountains have many endemic diversities.
Factors like climate change, unsustainable farming practices, logging, poaching, commercial mining and natural disasters have caused heavy damage to mountain biodiversity.
The sustainable management of mountain biodiversity has been recognized as a global priority. as the United Nations has declared 2021 to 2030 the UN Decade on the Ecosystem.

International Mountain Day theme is a great opportunity for young people to indulge themselves in the awareness of mountain development as they are the custodians of this Golconda in the future.

Purpose of Mountain Day

Mountains are a vital source of water, food and energy. More than one billion people in the world are habitant of mountain areas. The Alps mountain range in Europe is the most populated mountain range area in the world.

Climate change is severely affecting mountain and mountain people. Global warming is a significant reason for the melting of mountain glaciers at untraditional rates. Climate change and climate disasters can affect the lives of mountain people by food shortage and poverty. This may cause an excessive migration of mountain people to urban areas.

The basic purpose of this special day is to create awareness about the importance of mountains and mountain people and to provoke the governments to launch urgent policies to alleviate the harsh living conditions of mountain people.

Logo of International Mountain Day

The logo of International Mountain Day is a combination of three equilateral triangles with a stripe under these. International Mountain Day Logo

These triangles are the symbol of mountains. The first left triangle has a rhombus shape at the top, which is the sign of ice at the mountain top. The central triangle having an orange circle inside it is the sign of minerals and resources inside the mountain. The triangle on the right side has its lower right corner green that is the symbol of forests and crops in mountains.

The black stripe under these triangles has the words of 11 December in white color. Under this stripe, the words “International Mountain Day” are written in two rows. The upper row has the words “International” in blue color while the lower row has the words “Mountain Day” in light blue color.

Mountain Day Holiday in Japan

Japan is the only country that has had the holiday of Mountain Day on 11 August since 2016. The purpose of this holiday is to know the importance and blessings of mountains.

Uses and Importance of Mountains

  • About 60 to 80 percent of the world’s fresh water originates from mountains.
  • Mountains attract about 20 percent of tourists to their beautiful sceneries.
  • Mountains keep 28 percent of the earth’s forests.
  • Mountains are producers of certain important food crops.
  • Mountains are the habitat of plants and animals.

Facts of International Mountain Day

  • The annual date of 11, December for  International Mountain Day was proclaimed by the UN on 20 December 2002.
  • 2002 was the International Year of Mountains that was declared by the UN in 2001.
  • First International Mountain Day was observed on 11 December 2003.
  • UN presents a theme for International Mountain Day every year.
  • International Mountain Day awakes the world about the importance and necessity of mountains and mountain people.
  • Japan is the only country that has a public holiday on Mountain Day.


Activities of International Mountain Day

  • On this day raise awareness about the role that mountains play in providing us fresh-water, food, clean energy and recreation.
  • Arrange presentations, debates and art competitions for the execution of the theme of this day.
  • On social media use the hashtag, #MountainsMatter.
  • You can write your event story of this day to [email protected] to publish it on the International Mountain Day website.

History of International Mountain Day

In 1992 the United Nations conference on “Environment and Development” foresaw the implementation of its agenda “Managing Fragile Ecosystem: Sustainable Mountain Development” that engraved a charismatic emblem on the face of the history of mountain development.

On 11 December 2001, the United Nations declared the year 2002 as the “International Year of Mountains” for the awareness and importance of mountains. On 20 December 2002, the UN declared 11 December as “International Mountain Day” for the awareness of mountain development and urged the international community to hold events relating to sustainable mountain development on this date. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) was appointed as the coordinating organization of the UN about this mission.

The first International Mountain Day was observed on 11 December 2003. Every year UN allocates a theme for this day.

What are the Mountains?

A mountain is made from rock and earth. There surface is rugged and hard to climb. Mountains are filled with forests and animals.

Mountains may have ice, snow or glacier that is hard to climb or cross.

A group of mountains is called a mountain range, for instance, the Himalayan and the Rocky are mountain ranges. One-tenth of the world’s people live in these mountains.

Types of Mountains

Fold Mountains Mountain Day

These mountains are formed by the collision of two plates of the earth’s crust by heads. The Himalayas, the Alps. the Andes, the Rockies, and the Urals are the Fold Mountains.

Fault-Block Mountains International Mountain Day

These mountains are formed when the earth’s crust forces some blocks of rocks upwards The Sierra Nevada Mountains in North America and the Harz Mountains in Germany are Fault-Block mountains.

Dome Mountains Dome Mountains

These mountains are formed when the magma(melted rock) under the earth’s crust pushes up overlying layers of rocks.

Volcanic Mountains Volcanic Mountains

The formation of these mountains happens when magma or lava piles upon the surface of the earth, on freezing this lava build a cone of rock.

Plateau Mountains or Erosion Mountains Plateau Mountains

These mountains are the result of erosion, the mountains in New Zealand are called Plateau Mountains.

Well Known Mountain Ranges of the World

The Himalayas

The Himalayas, the highest mountain range of the world is situated in Asia. The world’s highest peak Nanga Parbat is also located in this range.

The Alps

The Alps is an extensive and highest mountain range in the world, lying in Europe.

The Andes

The Andes is the longest mountain range in the world, situated in America.

The Rockies

The Rocky mountains are extended from Western-North America to Canada. This is a vast mountain system.


The Karakoram is also a great mountain range in Asia.

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